Diabetes – Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment


Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar content exceeds normal and is likely to be high. Diabetes is one metabolic disease capable of attacking anyone. Diabetes (or diabetes) is a chronic and lifelong condition that affects the ability of the body to use energy from food. There are two main types of this disease: type 1 and type 2.

Up to 350 million people around the world have diabetes. In 2004, nearly 3.4 million people died from high blood sugar levels. More than 80 percent of the ovals is caused by marine disease in middle-and low-income countries. The Digital Health Organization estimates that the number of large brands will double during the period 2005-2030.


The main reason for this disease of any kind is to disable the body's ability to use glucose in the body's natural cells. Able to break the sugar and carbohydrates that you eat in the special sugar called glucose. Glucose is the fuel for cells in the body. To enter glucose in cells that need insulin. In people with DM, the body does not have insulin (Type 1 DM) or insulin that is at least adekoffi (DM type 2).

Because the cells cannot take glucose, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream on it. High blood glucose levels can harm small blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes, and nervous system. Therefore, untreated diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage in the legs.


The second type of diabetes has some of the same symptoms and signs :
  • Hunger and fatigue. The body changes the nutrients to the glucose that is used to produce energy. When insulin is not perfect anymore or does not exist, then the body will feel tired easily and quickly hungry.
  • Often urinate and easily become a house. The average person is usually between 4 polycarbonate-7 times in 24 hours, but people with this disease may become more frequent. ? Kidneys usually suck glucose followed by water absorption. But in diabetics, blood sugar levels have already risen so that the body may not absorb recurrent glucose. Finally, the water that passes through the kidneys becomes more numerous.
  • Dryness of the mouth and itching of the skin. As urinating more frequent, water shortages in other parts of the body. You can experience dry mouth and I felt parched. Dry skin can make you itch.
  • Blurred vision. Changes in the level of fluid in the body can make the lens in the eye to swell so that the eye lens changes the shape and loses the ability to focus.
  • In some cases, there are symptoms that tend to appear after glucose and have been high for a long time.
  • Fungal infection. Both men and women suffering from diabetes can be affected by this. Mushrooms like glucose diabetes, so people make it easy to cultivate mushrooms. Infection can grow in areas of skin that are warm and moist folds of the skin may occur in the fingers and toes, and under the breast, and about the organs sex
  • Heal the slow wound. Over time, high blood sugar can affect the flow of blood and damage that causes nerves that make your body difficult to heal wounds.
  • Pain or numbness in the feet.
  • Weight loss. If the body is unable to get energy from you, the cell will start burning fat and muscle to get other energy sources instead. Patients will lose weight even though they have not succeeded as well as not eating.
  • Nausea and vomiting. When the authority burns energy sources other than Glokossa, the result of its combustion is the "keys". The blood can fall into acidic acid conditions, and life-threatening conditions can be called granuloma rolled stadium. can cause abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Treatment of type 1 and 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It was also called with the onset of diabetes because it often started in childhood. But over time, many studies show that this type can also appear in adults.

Type 1 diabetes is a self-immune condition. This is due to antibody antibodies attacked with pancreatic patients themselves. In people with this type, the damaged pancreas does not make insulin. This type of diabetes can be caused by genetic preparation.
Number of medical risks associated with type 1 diabetes

Many of them came from damage to small blood vessels in your eyes (diabetic retinopathy), neuropathy (diabetic diabetes) and kidney (diabetic renal morbidity). Even more serious is the risk of increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Type 1 treatment through the management of insulin, by the way, is injected through the skin into the fatty tissue (piña in the fatty tissue of the stomach).

Type 2 diabetes

So far, the most prevalent form of this disease is type 2 diabetes. 95% of cases were found in adults. Type 2 is used to be called adult diabetes with the advent, but with a large number of cases of childhood obesity epidemic, many teenagers have recently also seen this genre. Type 2 diabetes is also called non-insulin that relies on diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is usually lighter than type 1 because the pancreas is actually able to produce insulin, but because of the lifestyle and food that is not preserved, the pancreas undergoes "fatigue". The pancreas is able to generate a certain amount of insulin. However, the resulting amount is not sufficient to meet the needs of the body or other cells of the body becoming "fortified" to insulin resistant cells to make it the same. Insulin resistance, or insensitivity to insulin, mostly occurs in fatty cells, liver, and muscle cells.

Same type 1, type 2 capable of causing health complications, especially in the smallest vascular body such as kidney, nerve, and eye. Type 2 diabetes also increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Obese people with more than 20% weight of the ideal body weight-very high risk to be susceptible to this type. Obese people tend to resist insulin. With insulin resistance, the pancreas has to work very hard to produce more insulin. But until then, there is not enough insulin to keep the normal sugar.

There is no cure for this disease. At first, type 2 diabetes can be controlled with weight management, nutrition, and exercise. Usually, this type is developed faster in the end, and anti-diabetic medications are often needed.

Test A1C is a blood test to estimate the average levels of glucose in your blood over the past three months. The periodic test A1C can be recommended to see how well the diet, exercise, and drugs work to control the blood sugar and the result is seen to prevent damage to the device. A1C tests are usually done several times a year.
Call the Doctor if :
  • Feel the abdominal pain which is very good, weak, and very thirsty
  • Often when urinating and many
  • Breathe deeper and faster than usual (the breath of the Kusmaull, one of the risk mark on diabetes)
  • You have the same sweet smell as Polish nails. This is a sign of very high levels of keys.

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